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Geography
Covering an area of 1,648,000 square kilometers, the Islamic Republic of Iran is located in southwestern Asia. The Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north; Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east; Turkey and Iraq in the west surround the country On the south Iran borders the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman. 
The plateau of Iran is among the oldest civilization centers in the history of humanity and has an important place in archeological studies. 

History
With respect to its political, social, and cultural characteristics, the ancient period of Iran (Persia) is One of the most magnificent epochs of Iranian history. Out of this era, so many cultural and historical monuments have remained in Persepolis, Passargad, Susa (Shoosh), Shoshtar, Hamedan, Marvdasht (Naghsh-e-Rostam), Taghbostan, Sarvestan, and Nayshabour, which are worth seeing . 

 
Language:
According to the Constitution if the I.R.Iran, the common official language and handwriting (alphabet) is Farsi (Persian) language. 

Visa:
Iranian embassies throughout the world are bound to issue tourist entry visa for applicants who hold valid passports at the most within 10 day. 

Hotels:
In Iran, there are different accommodation facilities of diverse classification, at reasonable prices-hotels, motels, guesthouses, inns, hostels, etc. Restaurants are very different in Iran due to their famous cooking styles, diverse and delicious for everybody’s taste. In the cities, all kinds of local and national dishes as well as international ones are served. 

Tourist attractions:
The existing historical monuments in Persepolis, Passargad, Susa, Hamedan, Kermanshah, Firoozabad, Syraf and many other ancient centers of Iranian of Iranian civilization are incentives enough for visiting this country. 

Tourism Regions:
Due to its vastness and natural diversity, Iran enjoys various tourism regions, each with its own worth-seeing sites. The capitals of Iran along the history which are nowadays the most well-known tourism places are as follows: Hamadan, Shoush, Persepolis, Kazeroon, Kermanshah, Rag, Nayshabour, Shiraz, Tabriz, Qazvin, Esfahan, Mashhad, Kerman, Gorgan, Tehran. 


 Hamadan
Main Townships: Hamadan, Malayer, Nahavand, Twiserkan, etc. 
Main Attractions: Alavian Tomb, Alisadr Cave, Avecina Tomb, Baba Taher Oryan Tomb, Esteroo Mord Khay Tomb, Ganj Nameh Inscription, Habaqooq-e-Nabi Tomb, Hegmataneh (Ekbatan) Hills, Lalejin Handicrafts, Nooshijan Castle, etc.
  


 Fars
Main Townships: Abadeh, Eqleed, Firooz Abad, Kazeroon, Mamasani, Marvdasht, Nayreez, Shiraz, etc. 
Main Attractions: Hafiz Tomb, Karim Khani Citadel, Koorush Shrine, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Naqsh-e-Shapour, Narenjestan Qavam Edifice, Nasirol Molk Mosque, Parishan Lake, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Qashqaie Tribe, Sa'di Tomb, Vakil Bazaar and Public Bath, etc.
  


 Esfahan
Main Townships: Esfahan, Golpayegan, Kashan, Natanz, Shahreza, etc.
Main Attractions: Abbasi Jame' (Imam) Mosque, Abyaneh Village, Ali Qapoo Edifice, Borujerdiha House, Chahar Baq School, Chehel Sotune Palace, Esfahan Jame' Mosque, Hasht Behesht Palace, Imamzadeh Shahzadeh Ebrahim, Khajoo Bridge, Menar Jonban Menaret, Naqsh-e-Jahan Square, Sialk Hills, Sio Seh Pol Bridge and Zayandeh Rood River Banks, Sheikh Lotf Ol-Lah Mosque, Vank Church. etc.
  


 Khuzestan
Main Townships: Abadan, Ahvaz, Dezful, Khoram Shahr, Masjed Soleiman, Shoosh, Shooshtar, etc.
Main Attractions: Acropol (Shoosh) Castle, Choqazanbil Temple (Ziggurat), Danial-e-Nabi Mausoleum, Karoon River Banks, Shaoor (Ardeshir) Palace, Shoosh Museum, etc.
  


 Kermanshah
Main Townships: Kangavar, Kermanshah, Paveh, Qasr-e-Shirin, etc.
Main Attractions: Anahita Temple, Bistoon Inscription , Kermanshah Jame' Mosque, Moavenol Molk Mourning Place, Qoori Qaleh Cave, Taq-e-Bostan (Arch), etc.
  


 Khorassan-Razavi
Main Townships: Daregaz, Ferdows, Kashmar, Mashad, Nayshabur, Quchan, Sabzevar, etc.
Main Attractions: Attar Nayshabury Tomb, Bazeh Hoor Fire Temple, Ferdowsi Tomb and Museum, Goharshad Mosque, Haroonieh (Qazali Tomb), Imam Reza Shrine, Kalat-e-Nadery Complex, Khayam Nayshaburi Tomb, Saffron, etc.
  


 Kerman
Main Townships: Bam, Jiroft, Kerman, Rafsanjan, Sirjan, Zarand, etc.
Main Attractions: Bam Citadel, Ganj Ali Khan Mosque and Museum, Jabaliyeh Dome, Kavir-e-Loot Desert, Mahan Garden, Moshtaqiyeh Dome, Shah Nematollah-e-Vali Tomb, Vakil Traditional Tea House or Bath, etc.
  


 Tehran
Main Townships: Damavand, Karaj, Ray, Shemiranat, Tehran, Varamin.
Main Attractions: Azadi Square, Damavand Mountain, Golestan Palace, Hazrat Abdol Azim Shrine, Imam Khomeini Shrine, Iran (National) Bastan Museum, Iran Carpet Museum, Old Houses, Saltanat Abad Palace, Sepahsalar School and Mosque, etc.
  


 Qazvin
Main Townships: Qazvin, Takestan.
Main Attractions: Alamoot Castle, Alnabi Mosque, Avan Lake, Imamzadeh Shahzadeh Hossein, Kharaqan Towers, etc.
  


 Golestan
Main Townships: Gorgan, Bandar Gaz, Bandar Turkaman, Gonbad Kavoos, etc.
Main Attractions: Caspian Sea Shore, Golestan National Park, Aq Qala Bridge, Gonbad Qaboos, Turkaman Tribes, etc.
  


 East Azarbayjan
Main Townships: Ahar, Hashtrood, Marand, Maraqeh, Mianeh, Tabriz, etc.
Main Attractions: Arg Mosque, Babak Castle, Eil Goli Ediface, Kabood Mosque, Kandowan Village, Orumieh Lake, Sahand Summit, Saint Stepanous Church, etc
  




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