Covering an area of 1,648,000 square kilometers, the Islamic Republic of Iran is located in southwestern Asia.
The Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north; Afqanistan and Pakistan in the east; Turkey and Iraq in the west surround the country. In the south, Iran borders the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman.
Total terrestrial borders of the country are 5,170 km. and total water borders are 2,510 km.
Iran is situated in the heart of the Middle East and, as a bridge, links the Caspian Sea, the largest land-locked body of water in the world, to the Persian Gulf. It is also a crossroad between the East and the West. Thus, historically, Iran has been in the juncture of cultural, intellectual and political manifestations of both the East and the West, while preserving it's unique identity.
Unique landscapes such as limpid water springs, pomegranate orchards, pistachio gardens, rows of lombardy poplars, decampment of nomads in different seasons, stelliferous nights, rocky mountains, endless high and low lands, extinct snow-clad volcanoes, dense forests of the Alborz Mountain Range, and coastlines of the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman are all eye-catching and memorable.
Iran's landscapes vary remarkably at different seasons. They are at times full of stone and sand, at times full of floodwater, sometimes covered by snow or by lush vegetation. Iranian artists have portrayed Iran's nature as a sign of diversity and charm in their different and diverse artistic works.
Iranians also have traditionally valued water as a symbol of life and development. Innumerable permanent streams can be seen flowing in meadows, gardens, orchards, homes, mosques and sacred places irrigating trees.
The overall elevation of the plateau of Iran give many provinces an altitude of over 1,000 m., and this is an important geographic feature of this land.
The magnificent Alborz Mountain Range in the north, the Zagross Mountain Range in the west and some other mountain chains, which extend from Khorassan to Baluchestan in the east, surrounded plateau of Iran which is mostly desert in the center.
The most important summits in Iran are: Damavand (5,671 m.) northeast of Tehran; Sabalan (4,880 m.) west of Ardabil; Sahand'(3,707) in the south ofTabriz; Takht-e-Solaimai' (4,820 m.) in Chaloos; Zardkooh (4,550 m.) in Bakhtiyari; Dena (4,309 m.) north of Yasooj; and Taftan (3,941 m.) south of Khash.
Tourists, who visit the southern coasts of Iran in winter, can enjoy very pleasant weather; while at the same time the cities of Esfahan and Fars provinces are rainy and snowy. In general, in the summer, the weather in most parts of the country is warm but not intolerable. Spring and autumn are a suitable time for touring all around the country. Hotels are usually booked up during national holidays for Norooz (Iranian New Year starting March 21 st).
the Natural Attractions of Iran are classified as follows and on selecting any of the classes the relevant attractions will be enlisted:
|- Lakes and Wetlands
|- Altitudes and Summits
||- Forests, Plains and Deserts
|- Recreational Places
||- Protected and Wildlife Zones